Mini Review

Harmonic oscillation picture of the free electron Zitterbewegung in vacuum

Frédéric Schuller*

Published: 03 May, 2022 | Volume 5 - Issue 1 | Pages: 016-017

As shown e.g. in ref.[1] Zitterbewegung (trembling motion) of the free Dirac electron is generated if transitions between positive and negative energy states occur. Here we treat this effect in a single-mode configuration using a density matrix method. As compared with more elaborate conventional treatments, this method allows an easy estimate of the amplitude of the motion. The result is by predicted spreads of the free electron charge.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.ijpra.1001045 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


  1. James D. Bjorken and Sydney D. Drell, Relativistic Quantum Fields, McGraw-Hill 1965
  2. Schuller F, Advanced Physics on the Atomic, Sub-Atomic, and Macroscopic Scale. Amazon books 2020
  3. Milonni PW. The Quantum Vacuum, Academic Press, 1994
  4. Weisskopf VF. Phys Rev. 1939;56:72.
  5. Hestenes D. The zitterbewegung interpretation of quantum mechanics, Foundations of Physics. 1990;20: 1213-1232.


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